The Flameback Cichlid comes from Lake Victoria in the southern part of the lake belonging entirely to Tanzania. They are mostly restricted to rocky, littoral habitats around islands, and particularly associated with shelf-like formations.
The Flameback Cichlid does not require a lot of open swimming space and displays a preference for rocky environments so much of the available space can be filled with rockwork arranged in such a way that many broken lines-of-sight are created.
Male colour pattern varies somewhat with locality.
Males in particular can be aggressive and fully capable of killing other males if the tank does not contain sufficient cover. Individual females may also be targeted so it’s best to stock several females per male if possible.
In a community it can be kept alongside other Victorian species but take care not to mix populations and avoid keeping it with other Pundamilia spp. It also makes a suitable companion for many mbuna from Lake Malawi, but be sure to research your choices properly prior to purchase.
The Flameback Cichlid is a maternal mouthbrooder. Ideally it should be bred spawned in a species tank using a single male and at least 3 females, although it will often spawn in a community aquarium.
Perhaps the easiest way to obtain a breeding group is to begin with a batch of young fish. Once sexually mature, males will select a spawning site which is defended against other males and display to passing females to mate with him. A receptive female will approach the spawning site and deposit a few eggs, immediately taking them into her mouth as she goes. The male has coloured spots on his anal-fin which resemble eggs and the female is also attracted to these. When she tries to add them to the clutch in her mouth, the male releases sperm and the eggs are fertilised. The cycle is then repeated until the female is spent of eggs.
- Species – Pundamilia nyererei
- Common Name – Flameback Cichlid
- Origin – Lake Victoria
- Diet – Omnivore
- PH Range – Alkaline 7.5 – 8.5
- Water Type – Hard
- Temperature – Tropical 24°c
- Breed Type – Mouth brooder
- Current Size – approximately 5cm (Grows to approximately 7cm)
- Sex – Un-sexed